The official language in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador is English. In 2011, 98.2 per cent of the population spoke only English at home, 0.2 per cent spoke only French, and 1.2 per cent spoke only a non-official language. The top five languages, excluding English, within the St. John's metro area are outlined in the table below.
Top Five Dominant Non-official Languages in St. John's Metro (2011)
|Language||Number||Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population||Percentage of total population|
The Newfoundland variation of the English language is very unique and interesting. The use of non-standard English in the province is not surprising, according to the Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage website. Newfoundland and Labrador remained outside the mainstream of social, political and economic development in North America throughout most of its early history. By the time of confederation with Canada in 1949, Newfoundland's oldest English-speaking dialect areas had experienced about 300 years of local development with minimal influence from standard English. Newfoundlanders still preserve their own variations on the English language with non-standard linguistic features in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and expression. There is even a Dictionary of Newfoundland English.